Literally translated from the Japanese, Bonsai means tray planting. The purpose of Bonsai is to encourage contemplation by a viewer and the beneficial effects of exercise of the body and mind. Rather than growing for food or medicine ingredients, Bonsai takes a long-term view of the aesthetic needs of cultivating and shaping small trees grown in a container. A bonsai starts with a cutting, seedling or already small tree of the required species. Not .